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jemaa el fna Marrakech

2018年02月09日 来源:jemaa el fna 大字体小字体

  BusNo19leavesDjemaael-Fnaeveryhalfanhour,startingat6:15AMinthemorninguntil9:15PM.Thetriptotheairporttakesabout25minutes.

  Theold,historicdistrictofthecity.

  TheformermuseumofIslamicart,locatedintheheartoftheMajorelleGarden,hasbeenentirelyrenovatedtohousetheBerberMuseumandtopreservethiscollectionofBerberartinconditionsofpresentationandconservationinaccordancewithinternationalmuseumstandards.

  DirectlysouthoftheDjemaaEl-FnaisRueBabAgnaou.Afive-minwalktakesyoustraighttothefamousBabAgnaouentrancetotheKasbahdistrictoftheMedina.TheBabAgnaouentrance,throughtheramparts,isbyfarthemostimpressiveentranceofallmedinarampartentrances.

  ThereisnotrainlinefurthersouththanMarrakechinMorocco;ifyouwanttoheadsouth,tothedesert,AtlasMountains,AgadirorEssaouiraonthecoast,you'llhavetogetabus,rentalcarorgrandtaxi.

  TheMedinaisalsotheplacetostayinaRiad,aMoroccanhousewithaninternalcourtyard.Mostwindowsareinwardfacingtowardsthecentralatrium.ThisdesignofpropertysuitsIslamictraditionasthereisnoobviouswealthstatementbeingmadeexternally,nowindowstopeerthrough.EnteringaRiadislikediscoveringanAladdin'sCaveincomparisontoitsnon-descriptexterior.Theyaregreatplacestostayandofferanintimateandrelaxingretreat.

  TrainsfromCasablanca(2ndclass84dirhams,1stclass150dirhams,3hours),RabatandTangierconnectwithmostdomesticraildestinationsinthecountry,withMarrakechasthesouthernmoststop.TrainsrunregularlybetweenMarrakechandCasablanca(includingtheInternationalAirport).TheyarrivearoundeverytwohoursandregularlyfromotherdestinationslikeRabat.Everydaythereare8direct7hourtrainstoFezviaCasablancaVoyageursstationandanothertwodirectconnectionstoTangier.

  IfyoudonothavetoomuchluggagethenitispossibletowalkfromtheairporttotheMedinaeventhoughitwouldtakeyoufromanhourandhalftotwohours.ThereisafootpathalongsidetheroadallthewayandtheminaretoftheKoutoubiamosqueprovidesanexcellentlandmarktoheadtowards.IfyouhaveenoughtimeyoucanbreakthetripwithavisittotheMenaragardens,whicharebetweentheairportandthecity.

  Forfurtherinformation,youmayalsovisitthe31.6355556-8.014166661MarrakechTouristInformation(atasmallsquareattheintersectionofAvenueMohammedVandRuedeYugoslavie). 

  Gettingthere:theairportisabout9km(6miles)south-westofthecitycenter(medina),and6.6kmfromtheDjemaaelFnasquare.

  MostALSA(localdestinationbuscompany)andprivatebuslinesdepartandarriveatthe31.635669-7.9992053longdistancebusstation(gareroutière)nearBabDoukkala,a20-minwalk(15-20dirhamsbypetittaxi)fromDjemaaEl-Fna.SupratoursandEurolinesbusesoperatefromhere.It'stheplacetotakethebusesfromthesmallcompanies,thatgodirectlytosmalldestinations.

  TheKasbah,incomparisontotheDerbs(streets)surroundingtheDjemaaEl-Fna,portraysacalmer,lessabrasiveatmosphere.ItishometotheRoyalPalace,alsotheformerEl-BadiPalaceandtheSaadianTombs.Thisnaturallycreatesbettersecurity,cleanerstreetsandahintofbeingaspecialplacewithinthemedina.TheKasbahhasitsownlittlebazaars(Souikas),foodstalls,restaurants,hotelsandriadsfortravellerstoenjoy.

  TheNo19Airportexpressbusis30dirhamsforasingletripor50dirhamsforroundtrip(ifthereturntripiswithin2weeksofpurchase).Itservesallthemajorhotelsandisagreatwaytogofromtheairporttothehotels.Youcaneasilyfinditsdeparturestop,totheleftoftheroadimmediatelyoutsideoftheArrivalsHallatTerminal2,afterthetaxis.Thebusleavestheairporteveryhalfanhourbetween7AMand9:30PM.ThebushasnoparticularstopsexceptJeemaElFnaandcanstopanywhereontheroute.Thedriverhasasmallmaptohandoutandyoucantellthedriveryourhotelyouareheadingto.YoucanalsocatchNo11citybuswhichrunsfromM'HamiddistricttothelongdistancebusstationatBabDoukkala,stoppingalsoatJeemaElFna.ItstopsonAvenueGnassa-mainroadnearairport,500mfromterminal.Thisisanoptiononlyforpeoplewithoutlarge,heavyluggage,butitisthecheapestone-thebuscosts3.50dirhams.

  Forgrandtaxis(regularMercedestaxis)therearenometers.TypicallythesetratefromMarrakechAirporttotheMedinaorDjemaaelFna(Mainsquare)is150dirhams.Therealsoappearstobenolimittotheamountofpeoplethey'llattempttosqueezein!Outsideoftheairportifyouareagroupofmorethanthree,themaximumforapetittaxi,thendonegotiateyoufeebeforeyouenterthegrandtaxi.

  MarrakechhasaninternationalairportwithdirectscheduledflightsfrommanymajorEuropeancentres,includingflightsoperatedbyanumberoflowcostcarriers.ConnectionsviaCasablanca(45minflight)arealsopossible.

  Theairportisabouta10-15minridebypetittaxifromthecitycenter.Pricesdirectlyfromtheairportarefixed,insanelyinflatedanddisplayedprominentlyjustoutsidetheairport(justlikeateveryairportinMorocco).Walkingthe200macrosstheparkinglottotheroadandhailingataxitherewillgetyouamuch,muchbetterprice(about20dirhamscomparedtotheofficial200).

  Forexploringmoreofthecity,busesandpetitstaxisareplentiful.

  ThemainsquareintheMedinaisDjemaaEl-Fna.Itissurroundedbyendlesslabyrinthsofsouks(bazaars)andalleywayscoveringalloftheMedina.DjemmaEl-Fnaisamustasthereisalwayssomethingtoseetheredayandnightwhetheritbesnakecharmers,acrobats,sooth-sayers,orthemusiciansandfoodstalls.Atnightthesquarereallycomestolifeaspeoplenavigatetowardtheexoticaromasandtheentertainingsights.Astheeveningdarkens,thehustle&bustleofactivityrageson.Theexoticmusicappearslouderandmorehypnotic.

  Thelongdistancebusstation,CTMandprivatebuscompaniestraveltodestinationssuchasAgadir,Safi,Casablanca,ElJadida,Essaouira,Fez,Meknes,Ouarzazate,Rabat,andTaroudant.Taxitoutswilloftengatherinthebusstationtoconvinceyouthatabustoyourdestinationis'full'andtosteeryouintoagrandtaxi,andwillattempttosellyougoodsasyourtaxiisprepared.Thiscanbedifficultifthereisnobodymanningtheticketdesks,andthebestoptionistowalkoutofthestationtothecoaches-aticketcanusuallybepurchasedfromaconductoronboard.FortripstoMeknes(6h,~120dirhams)beadvised,thatwhileseeminglyshorteronthemap,themountainrouteviaBeniMellaltakesatleast2hoursmorethanonthehighwayviaRabatandCasablanca​,goingtherebytrain(6½h,174dirhams)isthemostcomfortableoption,althoughbusesmightbeslightlyquicker.

  Youshouldalwaysasktousethemeter(compteurinFrench);otherwise,youarejustcontributingtoacultureofrippingoffpeople.However,inthevastmajorityofcases,thedriverswillrefusetotakeyouifyouinsistonusingthemeter.EvenlocalsoftenhavetroubleswithdriversinMarrakesh,that'showitis.Evenifyouusethemeter,thedrivermaytryandchargeextraforbags,orbelackingchangeinordertogetalargerfare.

  31.60113-8.026701Marrakech-MenaraAirport(RAKIATA),☎+21244447910.Theairporthastwoterminalshousedinonecomplex.Bothterminalshavemoneyexchangeoffices,andthereisanATMinthearrivalshallofTerminal2.OnATMs,checkfortheMaestro,CirrusorPluslogostobesurethatthemachineacceptsforeigncreditcards.BewareassomeoftheATMsworkonlyinFrench.IfyourcardistakenattheATM,tellairportsecurityandtheycanhelpyougetitback.Therearenopotablewaterdispensersafterthesecuritycheckandthesmallshopsonlyseeoverpriced0.5Lwaterbottles.HoweverthetabwaterfromtheWCtastesslightlyofchlorineandisdrinkablefortourists.Forsomeairlines(eg.Ryanairin2018,...)canonlyusethesmartphoneormobileappforcheck-inbuthavetoarriveattheairportwithaprint-outofyourticket.Youalsoneedtoqueueatthecheck-incounterbeforeenteringthesecuritycheck(evenifyoudonthavedropoffluggage),togetyourticketsstampedbytheairline,sobetterarriveearlierthanusual. 

  Forpetittaxi,themaximumnumberofpassengersisthree(plusthedriver),i.e.onefareappliestoasingleperson,oragrouptwoorthreepeople.

  TherearemanylongdistancebuscompaniesoperatingwithinMoroccowhichserveMarrakechandothercities.

  Analternativeandromanticwaytotravelisbycaleche,asmallhorse-drawncarriage.TheycanbehiredatSquaredeFoucauld(thesmallparktothesouthofDjemaaEl-Fna).It'swisetoagreeonapricebeforesettingoff.Asaguideprice,youshouldpayaround80dirhamsperhour,percarriage.

  Youronlyoptiontocompletelyavoidthisisusingthebuseswhichservemostdestinationsofinterest(seeabove).Ifyouacceptthatyouhavetopayasmallpenaltyfeeforbeingatourist,offer50%morethanthemeteredridewouldcostupfront(seebelow).

  Marrakech(Arabic:مراكش,Berber:ⴰⵎⵓⵔⴰⴽⵓⵛ),alsoknownasMarrakesh,isoneoftheimperialcitiesofMorocco.

  Weareimmenselypleasedtoinviteyoutoattendthe61stISIWorldStatisticsCongress(WSC)tobeheldinMarrakech,Moroccofrom16to21July2017.ThebiennialWSCistheflagshipconferenceoftheInternationalStatisticalInstitute(ISI)anditssevenassociations.Itbringstogethereminentstatisticiansandmembersofthestatisticalcommunityfromthefivecontinentstopresent,discuss,promoteanddisseminateresearchandbestpracticesineveryfieldofStatisticsanditsapplications.

  Gettingthere:sometaxidriverswilloffertheirservicesinthetrainstationorjustinfrontofit-theyusuallydon'tusetheirmeterandaskforatleast50dirhamstoDjemaaelFna.Ignorethemandhailoneonthemainroad.ThemeteredfairtoDjemaaelFnaisabout12dirhams,ifyouwanttoavoidanydiscussionsjustoffer20dirhamsupfrontandtakethefirsttaxithatacceptsthisoffer.

  AlmostallbusesstopatDjemaaEl-Fna(thebusstopforDjemaaEl-FnaiscalledTerminusArsetElBilk,anditismarkedonGoogleMaps)andPlaceYoussefBenTachfineandfaresrangefrom2–5dirhamsdependingonthedistance.Importantmunicipalbuslinesare:

  Onceinthemedina,everythingcanbeseenonfoot,thoughyou'llbedoingalotofwalking.Manytouristdestinationsaresignpostedbybrown,redorgreensignsaffixedtopostsortobuildings.Bearinmindthatmanyofthesesignsdon'ttakethedirectroute,andsomeseemtodeliberatelysendtouristsviavariousmarketsorotherplacesmoneymaybespent.

  Severalinternationalrentalcarcompaniesarebasedattheairportaswell.

  Hammamsarebaths,oftenclosetomosquestofacilitatetheperformanceofablutions.Inguidebooksandsignsthatcallthem"MoroccanTurkishBaths"thename"Turkish"isamisnomer,sinceMorocco(unlikeEgyptorSyria)wasneverunderOttomanrule,butthehistoricalroleofthebathsisauthenticinMorocco.

  Thereisanopen-toppedCitySightseeingbusthatwilltakeyouaroundtheoutskirtsofthecity,withcommentaryprovidedviaheadphones(suppliedwithyourticket)inanyof8differentlanguages.ThebestplacetocatchitisfromthecoachstopsbySquaredeFoucauld.Ticketscost145dirhamseachandarevalidfor24hoursfromthetimeofissue,nomatterhowmanytimesyougetonoroff.Youcangeta48-hourticketforverylittleextraandastherearetwodistincttours,thiscanbeagooddeal.Checkthetimetablecarefully,asthebusescanstoprunningearlierthanyoumightthink.

  Alsarunthecitybusesandhavemaps,faresandafrequencyguideontheirwebpage.

  31.630507-8.0174822Trainstation,AvenueHassanII(Guélizdistrict),☎+212447768.Fortraintimesandschedules,checkouttheMoroccanRailwaywebsite.(updatedJan2018)

  FromTangierit'sabouta10-hourjourney.Youcantraveleitherbydaytrainornighttrain.Duringthedaytime,youwillneedtochangetrainsforaconnectionhalfwaythroughthejourneycreatingawelcomebreakforabout30mins.ThenighttrainswhichleavesforMarrakechfromTangiertravelsstraightthroughtoMarrakechwithouttheneedforaconnection.Thenighttrainsdohavesleepercarsonboard,thoughyouwillneedtopayextrafortheseifyouwantabed(around350dirhams).Ifyou'replanningtogocheapandtakethenighttrainontheregularseatsinsecondclass(andplanningtosleep...),you'llbeinterruptedbymovementofpassengersandafewtimesbytheticketconductorsthroughoutthenight.It'sagreatwaytotravelbutdon'tplanonsleepingonthetrain,especiallyifyouaretravellingalone.

  Moroccantrainsdonothaverestaurantcars.Asnacktrolleymakestheroundswithsandwiches,softdrinksandcoffee,butbringingsomefoodforthejourneyisn'tabadidea.StopsinCasablancaandRabatusuallyarelongenoughtogrababiteinthestationenroute.

  MarrakechisthemaintouristdestinationinMoroccoandthus,unfortunately,alsoaplacewheremanyMoroccanstrytobecomerichfastbyrippingofftourists.ThismentalityissowidespreadthatevenMoroccansarenowrippedoffwheneverpossiblesothattheycallthecity"Marrakech,Arnakech"-whichrhymesinArabicandtranslatesto"Marrakech,Mafia".SeetheScamsectionformoreinformation.

  ThereismuchtoseeanddoinMarrakech.Anentiredaycanbededicatedtowanderingaroundallthedifferentsouks,seekingoutthebestbargains.Thecityalsooffersseveralhistoricalandarchitecturalsitesaswellassomeinterestingmuseums.

  AtaxiridefromtheCTMstationtothemainsquareis,ifmetered,about12dirhams.Thetaxiswaitinginfrontofthestationareoperatedbyagangofdishonestdriverswhowillchargeupto100dirhams.Onecanjustignoretheirpushybossandloudlyoffer20dirhams-usuallysomeonewillacceptorwalk50mupordowntheroadandhailintaxi.

  ThenameMarrakechoriginatesfromtheAmazigh(Berber)wordsmur(n)wakush,whichmeans"LandofGod".ItisthethirdlargestcityinMoroccoafterCasablancaandRabat,andliesnearthefoothillsofthesnow-cappedAtlasMountainsandafewhoursawayfromthefootoftheSaharaDesert.ItslocationandcontrastinglandscapehasmadeitanenviabledestinationinMorocco.

  Manyhotelsandriadsofferashuttleserviceforabout€15.Theadvantageisthatyouavoidthehassle,payslightlylessthantheofficialrateandtheywillleadyouallthewaytoyoulodging,evenifthecarcannotdrivethere.Howeveryoumighthavetowaitawhileforallyourfellowpassengerstogetoutoftheairport.

  CTMoperatesa31.626557-8.0200834busstation"GareVoyageurs"oneblocksouthfromtheSupratourstationnexttothetrainstation.It'sbettertotakethebusesthere,becauseyoucanbuytheticketsinadvance.Besides,theCTM'sofficestherearebetterandthere'snopeopletryingtopushyoutotheirbuscompany.TheofficeandstationonZerktounistreetdoesnotexistanymore.CTMhasalsoanofficeatthelongdistancebusstation(seeabove)ifyoujustwanttobuyyourticketsinadvanceorchecktheschedule.

  Thecityisdividedintotwodistinctparts:theMedina,thehistoricalcity,andthenewEuropeanmoderndistrictcalledGuelizorVilleNouvelle.TheMedinaisfullofintertwiningnarrowpassagewaysandlocalshopsfullofcharacter;italsocontainsthelargesquareDjemaaelFna,wheremanyhotelsarelocatedandtourists,localsandvendorscongregate.Incontrast,Guelizplayshosttomodernrestaurants,fastfoodchainsandbigbrandstores.

  Foundedin1070-1072bytheAlmoravids(1056-1147),capitaloftheAlmohads(1147-1269),Marrakeshwas,foralongtime,amajorpolitical,economicandculturalcentreofthewesternMuslimworld,reigninginNorthAfricaandAndalusia.Vastmonumentsdatingbacktothatperiod:KoutoubiaMosque,withthematchlessminaretof77metres,anessentialmonumentofMuslimarchitecture,isoneoftheimportantlandmarksoftheurbanlandscapeandthesymboloftheCity,theKasbah,ramparts,monumentalgatesandgardens.Later,thetownwelcomedothermarvels,suchastheBadiâPalace,theBenYoussefmerdersa,lesSaâdianstombs, BahiaPalaceandlargeresidences.JamaâElFnaSquare,inscribedontheRepresentativeListoftheIntangibleCulturalHeritage,isatrueopen-airtheatrethatalwaysamazesvisitors.Duetoitsstillprotected,originalandwellconservedconception,itsconstructionmaterialsanddecorationinconstantuse,anditsnaturalenvironment(notablytheGardensofAguedal,MénaraandthePalmGrove(Palmeraie)theplantationofwhichisattributedtotheAlmoravids),theMedinaofMarrakeshpossessesallitsinitialcomponentsbothculturalandnaturalthatillustrateitsOutstandingUniversalValue. 

  TherecommendedbuscompaniesfortouristsareCTM,PullmandusudandSupratours.Othercompaniesdoexist,thoughthesethreecompaniesareusuallythesafestoptions.

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